Robert Raymond Aronsson (RRA). RRA is Chairman of the Board of Apollo Energy Systems, Inc. (founded in 1994), and Electric Fuel Propulsion Corporation (founded in 1966), Delaware, USA, corporations with headquarters in Pompano Beach, Florida. He served in the U.S. Army in World War II and studied Chemical, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Idaho and Business Administration and Accounting at Woodbury University of Los Angeles, California, earning a Bachelor’s Degree, Magna Cum Laude, in 1947.
Some of the highlights of his career follow:
1947. Founded Manufacturers Export Division in Los Angeles, California, and exported batteries to the Far East and Caribbean countries. This was later incorporated as Caribe Electric Battery Corporation (CARIBE) which manufactured batteries in Los Angeles, California for export mainly to countries in the Caribbean.
1953 – 1963. Moved CARIBE to Puerto Rico and manufactured Tri-Polar Lead Cobalt Batteries under the brands “Caribe”, “ATLAS” (for Esso Standard Oil), “Firestone”, “Goodrich”, “Goodyear” and “US Rubber” under private labels for the rubber and tire companies.
1963 – 1966. Moved CARIBE to New Orleans, Louisiana USA which was incorporated as Battery Power Corporation (BPI) and manufactured batteries for the U.S. Government (General Services Administration).
1966 – 1988. Moved BPI to Detroit, Michigan, USA, under the name, Electric Fuel Propulsion Corporation (EFP) and manufactured Tri-Polar Lead Cobalt Batteries and electric vehicles.
1988 – 1991. Built a battery plant in China, Traction Power Ltd. (REVPOWER) to produce industrial and submarine batteries. In 1991 China classified the plant as a " Military Plant" and confiscated it, RRA won a international Arbitration award against china in 1993 but could not collect. China still owes RRA US $16.5 million (which may become collectible in 2013).
1994 – 2008. Created Apollo Energy Systems, Inc. as the world-wide exclusive licensee of Electric Fuel Propulsion Corporation, and undertook an intensive program of research and development to develop a Lead Foam substrate for the Tri-Polar Lead Cobalt Battery, and further develop and reduce the cost of the Alkaline Fuel Cell developed by Dr. Karl Kordesch while he was Chief Scientist at Union Carbide Corporation in the 1960s; and to develop an Ammonia Cracker which could produce Hydrogen from liquid ammonia (NH3).
1939-1942. RRA was Los Angeles, California High School Chess Champion.
1942 RRA won Los Angeles, California Professional City Chess Championship.
1966 to 1982. RRA was granted 16 patents in 14 countries on Tri-Polar Lead Cobalt Batteries, and 11 patents in 6 countries on Electric Vehicles and Electric Vehicle Systems.
1967. EFP was the first company in the world to re-introduce Electric Cars to the world in Detroit, Michigan, the first time Electric Cars had been available since Detroit Electric Car Manufacturing Company closed its doors in 1930.
1967. The longest cross country trip ever taken in the world in an electric car was made by Arizona Public Service Company which took delivery of an EFP MARS II Electric Car and drove it from Detroit, Michigan to Phoenix, Arizona (2,200 miles), fast charging the car’s Tri-Polar Lead Cobalt batteries along the route.
1968. The longest driving range ever achieved by an Electric Car was verified by General Motors in a MARS II Electric Car, 146 miles on a charge (General Motors Test Report CAL No. jv-2623-K-1, February, 1969).
1968. The first ever cross-country electric car race (3,400 miles), called the Great Transcontinental Electric Car Race, was won by students of the California Institute of Technology (Cal Tech) in their Volkswagen Van powered by Tri-Polar Lead Cobalt Batteries -- competing against a GM Corvair driven by students of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) using Nickel Cadmium Batteries.
1970. The second cross-country electric car race (3600 miles) between Cal Tech and MIT was held with 15 electric cars participating in the race. The winners, first and second places, were in EFP Electric Cars equipped with Fast Charge Tri-Polar Lead Cobalt Batteries.
1972. World’s first five-year cold weather test in an EFP “Electric car” at Golden Valley Electric in Fairbanks, Alaska.
1976. The first electric cars to be leased to a Limousine Rental Service Company, London Towne Livery Service of Beverly Hills, California were EFP TRANSFORMER I Electric Cars.
1980. Six EFP Silver Volt Electric Cars leased to London Towne Livery Service of Beverly Hills, California -- for movie stars to be driven to airport, Academy Awards, etc.
1982. The World’s first Coin-Operated Fast-Slow Charge Stations was installed by EFP at the Marriott Inn at the Los Angeles, California International Airport.
1988. First American owned (EFP’s subsidiaries, Revpower/Traction) battery plant to be installed in China.
1994. Apollo Energy Systems, Inc. formed as exclusive world-wide licensee of EFP.
1997. Apollo engages the Technical University of Graz in Austria to improve the Alkaline Fuel Cell developed by Dr. Karl Kordesch, and to reduce its cost.
2000. Apollo starts work on development of Lead Foam, invented by RRA in 2000. US Patent granted in 2006.
2005. US Patent granted on an Ammonia Cracker for producing Hydrogen from Ammonia, NH3 (Kordesch/Faleschini patent assigned to Apollo).
2006. RRA granted US Patent on the Tri-Polar Lead Cobalt Battery made with Lead Foam.
Dr. Karl Kordesch granted two US Patents on Alkaline Fuel Cells, assigned to Apollo.